Checklist of Endemic Mammal Species


This list of mammal species found exclusively in China is based on the taxonomy used in the Mammal Diversity Database (2018). For further details on possible inaccuracies in the list see Sources & Caveats.

American Society of Mammalogists (2018) Mammal Diversity Database,, accessed 16 October 2018. An online version can be found here.

Additional species recognized by the Handbook of Mammals of the World Vols. 1-9 (Lynx) are listed at the bottom of the page.

* = Mainland plus Taiwan ** = Taiwan only IN = introduced elsewhere

146 endemic mammals are indicated (by checkmarks) in the 2017 checklist downloadable at (Biodiversity Science pdf file)

Capricornis milneedwardsii (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Chinese Serow

Capricornis swinhoei ** (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Formosan Serow

Nemorhaedus griseus (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Chinese Goral

Pantholops hodgsonii (breeding) (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Chiru

Procapra przewalskii (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Przewalski's Gazelle

Cervus albirostris (Artiodactyla - Cervidae) White-lipped Deer

Elaphodus cephalophus (Artiodactyla - Cervidae) Tufted Deer

Elaphurus davidianus (Artiodactyla - Cervidae) Pere David's Deer

Muntiacus crinifrons (Artiodactyla - Cervidae) Black Muntjac

Muntiacus reevesi * (Artiodactyla - Cervidae) Reeves' Muntjac

Lipotes vexillifer (Artiodactyla - Lipotidae) Baiji

Moschus anhuiensis (Artiodactyla - Moschidae) Anhui Musk Deer

Felis bieti (Carnivora - Felidae) Chinese Mountain Cat

Ailuropoda melanoleuca (Carnivora - Ursidae) Giant Panda

Rhinolophus formosae ** (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) Formosan Woolly Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus huananus (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) Huanan Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus monoceros ** (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) Formosan Lesser Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus rex (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) King Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus schnitzleri (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) Schnitzler's Horseshoe Bat

Rhinolophus xinanzhongguoensis (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) Southwestern China Horseshoe Bat

Arielulus torquatus ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Necklace Sprite

Barbastella beijingensis (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Beijing Barbastelle

Murina bicolor ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Bicolored Tube-nosed Bat

Murina fanjingshanensis (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Fang He Tube-nosed Bat

Murina fusca (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Dusky Tube-nosed Bat

Murina gracilis ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Taiwanese Little Tube-nosed Bat

Murina puta ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Taiwanese Tube-nosed Bat

Murina recondita ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Faint-golden Little Tube-nosed Bat

Murina shuipuensis (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Shuipu Tube-nosed Bat

Myotis badius (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Chestnut Myotis

Myotis fimbriatus * (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Fringed Long-footed Myotis

Myotis flavus * (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Taiwan Golden Bat

Myotis pequinius (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Peking Myotis

Myotis secundus ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Taiwan Long-toed Myotis

Myotis soror ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Reddish Myotis

Plecotus ariel (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Sichuan Long-eared Bat

Plecotus taivanus ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Taiwan Long-eared Bat

Submyotodon latirostris ** (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Taiwan Broad-muzzled Mouse-eared Bat

Submyotodon moupinensis (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Moupin Broad-muzzled Mouse-eared Bat

Tylonycteris pygmaeus (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Pygmy Bamboo Bat

Mesechinus hughi (Eulipotyphla - Erinaceidae) Hugh's Hedgehog

Anourosorex yamashinai ** (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Taiwanese Mole Shrew

Blarinella quadraticauda (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Sichuan Short-tailed Shrew

Chimarrogale leander * (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Leander's Water Shrew

Chodsigoa hypsibia (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) De Winton's Shrew

Chodsigoa lamula (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Lamulate Shrew

Chodsigoa parva (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Pygmy Brown-toothed Shrew

Chodsigoa salenskii (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Salenski's Shrew

Chodsigoa smithii (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Smith's Shrew

Chodsigoa sodalis ** (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Lesser Taiwanese Shrew

Episoriculus fumidus ** (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Taiwan Brown-toothed Shrew

Sorex cansulus (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Gansu Shrew

Sorex cylindricauda (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Stripe-backed Shrew

Sorex excelsus (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Chinese Highland Shrew

Sorex kozlovi (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Kozlov's Shrew

Sorex sinalis (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Chinese Shrew

Sorex thibetanus (Eulipotyphla - Soricidae) Tibetan Shrew

Euroscaptor grandis (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Greater Chinese Mole

Euroscaptor longirostris (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Long-nosed Mole

Mogera insulana ** (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Insular Mole

Mogera kanoana ** (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Kano's Mole

Scapanulus oweni (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Gansu Mole

Scaptochirus moschatus (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Short-faced Mole

Uropsilus aequodonenia (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Equivalent-teeth Shrew Mole

Uropsilus andersoni (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Anderson's Shrew Mole

Uropsilus atronates (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Black-backed Shrew Mole

Uropsilus gracilis (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Gracile Shrew Mole

Uropsilus investigator (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Inquisitive Shrew Mole

Uropsilus nivatus (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Snow Mountain Shrew Mole

Uropsilus soricipes (Eulipotyphla - Talpidae) Chinese Shrew Mole

Lepus hainanus (Lagomorpha - Leporidae) Hainan Hare

Lepus yarkandensis (Lagomorpha - Leporidae) Yarkand Hare

Ochotona argentata (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Silver Pika

Ochotona cansus (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Gansu Pika

Ochotona erythrotis (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Chinese Red Pika

Ochotona gloveri (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Glover's Pika

Ochotona iliensis (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Ili Pika

Ochotona koslowi (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Kozlov's Pika

Ochotona syrinx (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Tsing-ling Pika

Ochotona thomasi (Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae) Thomas' Pika

Macaca cyclopis ** (Primates - Cercopithecidae) Formosan Rock Macaque

Macaca thibetana (Primates - Cercopithecidae) Milne-Edward's Macaque

Rhinopithecus bieti (Primates - Cercopithecidae) Yunnan Snub-nosed Monkey

Rhinopithecus brelichi (Primates - Cercopithecidae) Guizhou Snub-nosed Monkey

Rhinopithecus roxellana (Primates - Cercopithecidae) Golden Snub-nosed Monkey

Trachypithecus leucocephalus (Primates - Cercopithecidae) White-headed Langur

Nomascus hainanus (Primates - Hylobatidae) Hainan Crested Gibbon

Alexandromys kikuchii ** (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Taiwan Vole

Cansumys canus (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Gansu Hamster

Caryomys eva (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Gansu Red-backed Vole

Caryomys inez (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Kolan Red-backed Vole

Craseomys shanseius (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Shanxi Red-backed Vole

Cricetulus kamensis (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Kam Dwarf Hamster

Cricetulus lama (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Lama Dwarf Hamster

Cricetulus tibetanus (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Tibetan Dwarf Hamster

Eothenomys chinensis (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Sichuan Red-backed Vole

Eothenomys custos (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Southwest China Red-backed Vole

Eothenomys hintoni (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Hinton's Red-backed Vole

Eothenomys olitor (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Black-eared Red-backed Vole

Eothenomys proditor (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Yulongxuen Red-backed Vole

Eothenomys tarquinius (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Tarquiniu's Red-backed Vole

Eothenomys wardi (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Ward's Red-backed Vole

Neodon fuscus (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Smoky Mountain Vole

Neodon irene (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Irene Mountain Vole

Neodon linzhiensis (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Linzhi Mountain Vole

Neodon medogensis (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Medog Mountain Vole

Neodon nyalamensis (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Nyalam Mountain Vole

Proedromys bedfordi (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Duke of Bedford's Vole

Proedromys liangshanensis (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Liangshan Vole

Volemys millicens (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Sichuan Vole

Volemys musseri (Rodentia - Cricetidae) Marie's Vole

Chaetocauda sichuanensis (Rodentia - Gliridae) Sichuan Dormouse

Apodemus chevrieri (Rodentia - Muridae) Chevrier's Field Mouse

Apodemus ilex (Rodentia - Muridae)

Brachiones przewalskii (Rodentia - Muridae) Przewalski's Jird

Hadromys yunnanensis (Rodentia - Muridae) Yunnan Bush Rat

Meriones chengi (Rodentia - Muridae) Cheng's Jird

Niviventer andersoni (Rodentia - Muridae) Anderson's White-bellied Rat

Niviventer coninga ** (Rodentia - Muridae) Spiny Taiwan White-bellied Rat

Niviventer culturatus ** (Rodentia - Muridae) Soft-furred Taiwan White-bellied Rat

Niviventer excelsior (Rodentia - Muridae) Sichuan White-bellied Rat

Niviventer ling (Rodentia - Muridae)

Niviventer lotipes (Rodentia - Muridae) Hainan White-bellied Rat

Typhlomys cinereus (Rodentia - Platacanthomyidae) Sort-furred Tree Mouse

Typhlomys daloushanensis (Rodentia - Platacanthomyidae) Dalou Mountains Tree Mouse

Typhlomys nanus (Rodentia - Platacanthomyidae) Dwarf Tree Mouse

Aeretes melanopterus (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Northern Chinese Flying Squirrel

Hylopetes electilis (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Hainan Flying Squirrel

Petaurista grandis ** (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Taiwan Red Giant Flying Squirrel

Petaurista hainana (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Hainan Giant Flying Squirrel

Petaurista lena ** (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Taiwan Red-and-white Giant Flying Squirrel

Petaurista xanthotis (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Chinese Giant Flying Squirrel

Sciurotamias davidianus (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Pere David's Rock Squirrel

Sciurotamias forresti (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Forrest's Rock Squirrel

Trogopterus xanthipes (Rodentia - Sciuridae) Complex-toothed Flying Squirrel

Eospalax baileyi (Rodentia - Spalacidae) Plateau Zokor

Eospalax cansus (Rodentia - Spalacidae) Gansu Zokor

Eospalax fontanierii (Rodentia - Spalacidae) Chinese Zokor

Eospalax rothschildi (Rodentia - Spalacidae) Rothschild's Zokor

Eospalax rufescens (Rodentia - Spalacidae) Qinling Zokor

Eospalax smithii (Rodentia - Spalacidae) Smith's Zokor

Eozapus setchuanus (Rodentia - Zapodidae) Chinese Jumping Mouse

Additional species recognized by the Handbook of Mammals of the World Vols. 1-9:

(# indicates a species that is considered endemic due to a different concept of species boundaries as a result of splits than is used for the animal with the same scientific name in the ASM Mammal Diversity Database)

Rhinolophus episcopus (Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae) Allen's Horseshoe Bat

Murina liboensis (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Libo Tube-nosed Bat  2018

Murina  rongjiqngensis (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Rongjiang Tube-nosed Bat 2017

Myotis frater # (Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae) Fraternal Myotis

Budorcas bedfordi (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Golden Takin

Budorcas tibetana # (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Sichuan Takin

Ovis jubata (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Shansi Argali

Pseudois schaeferi (Artiodactyla - Bovidae) Dwarf Blue Sheep

Mesechinus miodon (Eulipotyphla - Erinaceidae) Small-toothed Forest Hedgehog

Mesechinus wangi (Eulipotyphla - Erinaceidae) Wang's Forest Hedgehog

Apodemus semotus * (Rodentia - Muridae) Taiwan Field Mouse