About China 关于中国

China is one of the largest countries in the world, with a total area of ten million square kilometers, of 7% of the land surface of the planet. It’s huge country of great extremes, from the world’s highest peak of Everest at 8848m to one of the world’s lowest land points, at -155m in the Turpan basin, and from the permafrost of the extreme north to the tropical seas of the extreme south. Habitats include forests, grasslands, deserts and wetlands.

中国是世界上面积最大的几个国家之一,接近1000万平方公里,相当于地球7%的陆地面积。中国如此辽阔,从世界最高峰珠穆朗玛山(8848m)下降到到世界陆地海平面最低点吐鲁番盆地(-155m),从东北的冻土层到南方的热带。中国的生境包含多种林地、草地、沙漠和湿地。

 

This great diversity of habitats, together with China’s large size, give rise to a great richness of biological diversity. China is ranked third richest country in the world in terms of its species – a remarkable state for a largely temperate land mass. In terms of birds, this richness is shown in over 1.400 species recorded from the country, including some of the most spectacular and fascinating birds in the world.

如此多样性的生境造就了辽阔的中国国土面积,也保持了极度丰富的生物多样性。中国名列世界第三生物多样性最丰富的国家, 其中最引人注目的是
中国记录有超过1400种野生鸟类,包含一些最迷人和令人叹奇的种类。

 

China also, however, has a huge human population of 1.3 billion, mostly in the eastern half of the country, and pressure on natural habitats is very severe. Many wild species are threatened with extinction, while others are rare or restricted to very small distributions. Conservation of the remaining habitats of these species is urgent, but difficult. The Chinese government is, however, well aware of the importance of the task and has set aside over 2,000 areas as nature reserves, with more planned.

同样中国也有着超过13亿的人口,大部分居住在东部,造成对自然环境的压力巨大。因为许多珍稀动植物仅仅分布在很小的区域,造成许多野生动植物濒危灭绝。因此保育这些珍稀野生动植物的的栖息地环境是十分急迫的,同时也是十分困难的。中国政府清楚到认识到保护自然环境的重要性,已经建立超过2000个国家保护区,并仍然在建立更多国家级自然保护区。

NE China 东北地区

Liaoning | Jilin | Heilongjiang 

辽宁 | 吉林 | 黑龙江 


North China 华北地区

Beijing | Tianjin | Hebei | shanxi | Inner Mongolia

北京 | 天津 | 河北 | 山西 | 内蒙古


NW China 西北地区

Shannxi | Gansu | Qinghai | Ningxia | Xinjiang

陕西 | 甘肃 | 青海 | 宁夏 | 新疆


East China 华东地区

Shandong | Jiangsu | Anhui | Zhejiang | Fujian | Shanghai | Taiwan

山东 | 江苏 | 安徽 | 浙江 | 福建 | 上海 | 台湾


Central China 华中地区

Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangxi

河南 | 湖北 | 湖南 | 江西


South China 华南地区

Guangxi | Guangdong | Hainan | Hong Kong | Macao

广西 | 广东 | 海南 | 香港 | 澳门


SW China 西南地区

Sichuan | Chongqing | Yunnan | Guizhou

四川 | 重庆 | 云南 | 贵州