We arrive in Kathmandu in mid-afternoon and transfer to the Marshyangdi Hotel, our base for a night. Those who
prefer not to spend the rest of the afternoon relaxing may have time for a little sightseeing
This morning we begin the long journey to Chitwan by minibus. On leaving the Kathmandu Valley the road follows the edge of the fast flowing Trisuli River, a fairly reliable site for Ibisbills (an enigmatic wading bird of the Himalaya). Other birds likely to be found beside the river include the beautiful White-capped Water Redstart, Brown Dipper and, if we are very lucky, perhaps one of the wintering Wallcreepers that frequent the road and riverside rock faces. We hope to arrive at the Chitwan National Park by mid-afternoon where we will transfer to a comfortable Tigerland Safari Lodge for 3 nights. Located on the edge of Chitwan National Park, Tigerland Safari Lodge is spread over 20 acres of land and have 32 thatched roofs villas on stilts in a natural setting of lush vegetation, overlooking the national park. The villas are tastefully decorated with en suite facilities.
The park comprises 932 square kilometres of Sal and riverine jungle, a magnificent environment with a greater variety of wildlife than any other area of Nepal. Over 500 species of birds have been recorded here and we can expect to see nearly one third of these, as well as, most importantly, many mammals and reptiles. These are likely to include the endangered Indian Rhinoceros, Wild Boar, Sambar, Indian Muntjac, Spotted and Hog Deer, Rhesus Macaque and Grey Langur Monkeys, and possibly Marsh Mugger and the fish-eating Gharial Crocodiles. Leopards, Sloth Bears, and Gaur are all fairly common and occasionally seen by the lucky ones! Tigers do occur in the area but are very elusive and difficult to see. Amongst the smaller mammals that we may encounter are Hoary-bellied Squirrel, Northern (or Five-striped) Palm Squirrel, and Indian Grey Mongooses.
Chitwan National Park
We will be based in Chitwan National Park for two full days. Making early starts we will spend the first few hours of daylight exploring the surrounding riverine forest and grassland on elephant back. Most mammals, including the Rhino, ignore this unique, and surprisingly quiet, mode of travel and it is certainly the most productive and enjoyable way to search for the more elusive mammal species. During the rest of the day we will explore the rivers and go in search of further mammal species, and the park’s rich and colourful birdlife, on foot through the forest.
第5-7天 Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
It is a long journey on the east-west highway from Chitwan to the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve. Due to annual damage by the monsoon, the highway is under a constant state of repair and tends to
be a patchwork of tarmac and rough dirt roads in places. Although tiring, it is also a fascinating journey. Driving through the 'terai' of lowland Nepal we will pass through a variety of villages
and towns giving a unique insight into the Nepalese culture and way of life. By making an early start we will aim to reach Koshi Camp by late afternoon. The Tented Camp close to the great Koshi
River will be our base for three nights. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is situated in the Sapta-Koshi River plain in the eastern corner of Nepal, close to the country's southern border with
India. The reserve covers 175 square kilometres to the north of the kilometre-long barrage that spans the Koshi River. This was built between 1958 and 1964 to control and prevent flooding in the
plains of northern India to the south. The vast expanse of open water created by the barrage, and the marshes, lagoons, sandbanks, mudflats and arable land that lie around it offer an outstanding
wetland habitat, and one of the finest wetland wildlife reserves in Asia. The heart of the reserve lies some 14 kilometres north of the barrage, where seasonally inundated grasslands, lagoons and
remnant patches of Khair (Acacia catechu) and Sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo) forest lie alongside the eastern bank of the broad Koshi River.
It is a very special place for birds, with almost all of Nepal's long list of wildfowl, waders, storks, ibises, egrets, terns and gulls occuring here, plus a great variety of landbirds,
especially warblers and birds of prey. Well in excess of 100 species may be seen each day in this wonderful area, amongst them such local specialities as Swamp Francolin, Red-necked Falcon and
Striated Marsh Warbler.
The reserve also holds some special mammals, some of which are not easily seen elsewhere. The sharp-eyed may be lucky enough to see the endangered Ganges River Dolphins in the broad waters of the
Koshi River, south of the Koshi Barrage. The reserve is also the last refuge of the Wild Water Buffalo in Nepal, and other mammals include Fishing Cat (if very lucky), Jungle Cat, Asiatic Golden
Jackal, Smooth-coated Otter, Hog Deer and occasionally Nilgai (or "Blue Bull") – the subcontinent's largest antelope.
Your most regular and rewarding wildlife outings will be on foot, exploring the grasslands, river, lagoons and woodlands close to the Camp, and the vicinity of the barrage, a short drive away. We will also take you by raft onto the wide waters of the Koshi River to enjoy the birdlife of the otherwise inaccessible sandbanks and islands, and to allow you the chance to get close to such mammals as Wild Water Buffalo.
Back in Koshi Camp this evening it will be worth gazing skywards at dusk to look out for the regular passage of Indian Flying Foxes that pass over the Camp most evenings.
第8天 Koshi -加德满都
Today we must leave Koshi and begin the one and a half hour drive to Biratnagar, a bustling town situated in the Gangetic floodplains
of south-eastern Nepal, where we catch our plane to Kathmandu. Heading west, the flight gives spectacular views of the Himalaya (weather permitting) including distant views of the world's highest
peak, Mount Everest.